Rothschild Central Banking System – Region B: Europe



The Official Story



A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the currency and monetary policy of a state or formal monetary union, and oversees their commercial banking system. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on increasing the monetary base. Most central banks also have supervisory and regulatory powers to ensure the stability of member institutions, to prevent bank runs, and to discourage reckless or fraudulent behavior by member banks.

Central banks in most developed nations are institutionally independent from political interference. Still, limited control by the executive and legislative bodies exists.

Spread around the world

Central banks were established in many European countries during the 19th century. Napoleon created the Banque de France in 1800, in an attempt to improve the financing of his wars. On the continent of Europe, the Bank of France remained the most important central bank throughout the 19th century. The Bank of Finland was founded in 1812, soon after Finland had been taken over from Sweden by Russia to become its grand duchy. A central banking role was played by a small group of powerful family banking houses, typified by the House of Rothschild, with branches in major cities across Europe, as well as the Hottinguer family in Switzerland and the Oppenheim family in Germany.

Although central banks today are generally associated with fiat money, the 19th and early 20th centuries central banks in most of Europe and Japan developed under the international gold standard. Free banking or currency boards were common at this time. Problems with collapses of banks during downturns, however, led to wider support for central banks in those nations which did not as yet possess them, most notably in Australia.

Australia established its first central bank in 1920, Peru in 1922, Colombia in 1923, Mexico and Chile in 1925 and Canada, India and New Zealand in the aftermath of the Great Depression in 1934. By 1935, the only significant independent nation that did not possess a central bank was Brazil, which subsequently developed a precursor thereto in 1945 and the present Central Bank of Brazil twenty years later. After gaining independence, African and Asian countries also established central banks or monetary unions. The Reserve Bank of India, which had been established during British colonial rule as a private company, was nationalized in 1949 following India’s independence.

The People’s Bank of China evolved its role as a central bank starting in about 1979 with the introduction of market reforms, which accelerated in 1989 when the country adopted a generally capitalist approach to its export economy. Evolving further partly in response to the European Central Bank, the People’s Bank of China had by 2000 become a modern central bank. The most recent bank model was introduced together with the euro, and involves coordination of the European national banks, which continue to manage their respective economies separately in all respects other than currency exchange and base interest rates.

Source: Wikipedia



CountryEst. Population (2022)
ALBANIA: Bank of Albania2.8 million
AUSTRIA: Austrian National Bank8.9 million
BELARUS: National Bank of the Republic of Belarus9.5 million
BELGIUM: National Bank of Belgium11.6 million
BOSNIA: Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina3.2 million
BULGARIA: Bulgarian National Bank6.7 million
CROATIA: Croatian National Bank4.0 million
CYPRUS: Central Bank of Cyprus1.2 million
CZECH REPUBLIC: Czech National Bank10.4 million
DENMARK: National Bank of Denmark5.8 million
ESTONIA: Bank of Estonia1.3 million
EUROPEAN UNION: European Central Bank
FINLAND: Bank of Finland5.5 million
FRANCE: Bank of France64.6 million
GEORGIA: National Bank of Georgia3.7 million
GERMANY: Deutsche Bundesbank83.3 million
GREECE: Bank of Greece10.3 million
HUNGARY: Magyar Nemzeti Bank9.9 million
ICELAND: Central Bank of Iceland0.3 million
IRELAND: Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland5.0 million
ITALY: Bank of Italy59.0 million
LATVIA: Bank of Latvia1.8 million
LITHUANIA: Bank of Lithuania2.7 million
LUXEMBOURG: Central Bank of Luxembourg0.6 million
MACEDONIA: National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia2.0 million
MALTA: Central Bank of Malta0.5 million
MOLDOVA: National Bank of Moldova3.2 million
MONTENEGRO: Central Bank of Montenegro0.6 million
NETHERLANDS: Netherlands Bank17.5 million
NORWAY: Central Bank of Norway5.4 million
POLAND: National Bank of Poland39.8 million
PORTUGAL: Bank of Portugal10.2 million
ROMANIA: National Bank of Romania19.6 million
RUSSIA: Central Bank of Russia144.7 million
SAN MARINO: Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino0.03 million
SERBIA: National Bank of Serbia7.2 million
SLOVAKIA: National Bank of Slovakia5.6 million
SLOVENIA: Bank of Slovenia2.1 million
SPAIN: Bank of Spain47.5 million
SWEDEN: Sveriges Riksbank10.5 million
SWITZERLAND: Swiss National Bank8.7 million
UKRAINE: National Bank of Ukraine39.6 million
UNITED KINGDOM: Bank of England67.5 million
TOTAL POPULATION:708.3 million

Titanic: The Shocking Truth (2012)
[Full Documentary — Highly Recommended]


Titanic (1997) – Stern Sinking Scene



A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.




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