REGION C – ASIA
THE SINKING OF THE TITANIC
(April 14-15, 1912 – North Atlantic Ocean)
The Bank of Japan
ROTHSCHILD OWNED & CONTROLLED CENTRAL BANK
The Official Story
THE BANK OF JAPAN
The Bank of Japan (BOJ) is the central bank of Japan. The bank is often called Nichigin for short. It has its headquarters in Chūō, Tokyo.
Like most modern Japanese institutions, the Bank of Japan was founded after the Meiji Restoration. Prior to the Restoration, Japan’s feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations, but the New Currency Act of Meiji 4 (1871) did away with these and established the yen as the new decimal currency, which had parity with the Mexican silver dollar. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints became private chartered banks which, however, initially retained the right to print money. For a time both the central government and these so-called “national” banks issued money. A period of unanticipated consequences was ended when the Bank of Japan was founded in Meiji 15 (10 October 1882), under the Bank of Japan Act 1882 (27 June 1882), after a Belgian model. It has since been partly privately owned (its stock is traded over the counter, hence the stock number). A number of modifications based on other national banks were encompassed within the regulations under which the bank was founded. The institution was given a monopoly on controlling the money supply in 1884, but it would be another 20 years before the previously issued notes were retired.
Following the passage of the Convertible Bank Note Regulations (May 1884), the Bank of Japan issued its first banknotes in 1885 (Meiji 18). Despite some small glitches—for example, it turned out that the konjac powder mixed in the paper to prevent counterfeiting made the bills a delicacy for rats—the run was largely successful. In 1897, Japan joined the gold standard, and in 1899 the former “national” banknotes were formally phased out.
Since its Meiji era beginnings, the Bank of Japan has operated continuously from main offices in Tokyo and Osaka.
According to its charter, the missions of the Bank of Japan are
Issuance and management of banknotes
Implementation of monetary policy
Providing settlement services and ensuring the stability of the financial system
Treasury and government securities-related operations
Compilation of data, economic analyses and research activities