Titanic – 10.44 – Perry Warjiyo (Governor, Bank Indonesia)



Perry Warjiyo


The Official Story

(Governor of Bank Indonesia, 2018+)


Perry Warjiyo (born 25 February 1959) is the current Governor of Bank Indonesia, Indonesia’s central Bank. His nomination for the post of Governor was approved by the Indonesian parliament on 28 March 2018. He was sworn into office on 24 May 2018, succeeding the previous Governor Agus Martowardojo.

Perry has over 30 years of experience working on central bank policy issues in Indonesia. He has been described as a central banker who is “as battle-tested as monetary policymakers get”. His appointment reflects the practice in Indonesia of frequently appointing professionals with strong economic and policymaking experience (often referred to as “technocrats”) to senior economic posts in government.

Policies as Governor


Shortly after Perry become Governor in mid-2018, international economic conditions led to pressure on the Indonesian exchange rate and the rupiah depreciated noticeably. In response, several increases in the domestic interest rate were announced and Perry indicated that Bank Indonesia planned to pursue policies to promote domestic economic growth and maintain stability. He said that he believed that there were “three keys to a country’s resilience in the face of external pressures.” These were, “First, the conviction that our economy is healthy. Second, it’s the courage to adopt the policies that are required, which are sound and preemptive. If you live under uncertainty, don’t linger over it. … Third, there should be clear and intensive communication.” In mid-August 2018 when there appeared to be market pressures encouraging a depreciation of the rupiah, Perry announced a further increase in domestic interest rates.

Later in 2018, as the US Fed tightened monetary policy in America, Bank Indonesia indicated that interest rates in Indonesia would be increased further if necessary. In late September, the official rate in Indonesia was lifted to 5.25%. The rate was increased again in several moves to 6% by mid-November. This increase was the sixth rise in interest rates since Perry had been appointed Governor.


Discussing the stance of monetary policy in early 2019, Perry suggested that he regarded monetary policy as quite tight. He said Bank Indonesia’s interest policy rate would be set to anticipate external factors, especially to stabilize the exchange rate and to limit the current account deficit to 2.5% of GDP. Later, in May, when the rupiah began to weaken as a result of trends in international financial markets, Bank Indonesia indicated that monetary policy would remain firm. This approach was in contrast to decisions announced at the time in both Malaysia and the Philippines to relax monetary policy somewhat and to lower interest rates. However, beginning in July, a series of measures were taken to ease monetary policy in Indonesia:

  • In July 2019, Bank Indonesia announced a reduction in the interest rate (reverse repo rate) from 6.0% to 5.75%. Perry suggested that there may be room for further easing in months ahead saying, “Bank Indonesia thinks there is still room for accommodative policies, in line with a low inflation projection and to push for further economic growth”.

  • The following month, in August, Bank Indonesia announced a second cut in the interest rate from 5.75% to 5.5%. The move was interpreted by commentators as reflecting an indication that monetary authorities were inclined to ensure that monetary policy supported the Indonesian Government’s broad pro-growth approach. Recent national income figures had suggested that growth was turning out to be somewhat lower than expected. Some commentators predicted that there would be more rate cuts before the end of 2019.

  • In September, Bank Indonesia announced the third interest rate cut in three months, reducing the seven-day repo rate to 5.25%. Perry said, “This is a preemptive measure to push for economic growth momentum that has been slowing.”

  • In October, the seven-day repo rate was reduced once again to 5.0%. The Bank Indonesia statement said that the decision was ” … consistent with controlled inflation … and as a pre-emptive measure to stimulate domestic economic growth momentum against a backdrop of global economic moderation.”


During 2020, in response to the COVID-19 crisis, monetary policy was further eased.

  • On 20 February, the benchmark interest rate (7 day reverse repo rate) was reduced from 5% to 4.75%. The move was seen, partly, as a response to uncertainties resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and, indeed, the Bank Indonesia statement announcing the interest rate cut made reference to the virus outbreak.

  • In March, the benchmark interest rate was eased from 4.75% to 4.5%

  • In June, the rate was again reduced to 4.25%

  • In July, the rate was reduced to 4.0%.

  • In November, the rate was reduced to 3.75%


Monetary policy easing continued in the early part of 2021. In mid-February, the benchmark interest rate (7-day reverse repo rate) was lowered to 3.5%.

Source: Wikipedia

Titanic (1997) – Stern Sinking Scene

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