The Official Story
(The Mainstream Media)
Fake news is false or misleading information presented as news. Fake news often has the aim of damaging the reputation of a person or entity, or making money through advertising revenue. Although false news has always been spread throughout history, the term “fake news” was first used in the 1890s when sensational reports in newspapers were common. Nevertheless, the term does not have a fixed definition and has been applied broadly to any type of false information. It’s also been used by high-profile people to apply to any news unfavourable to them. Further, disinformation involves spreading false information with harmful intent and is sometimes generated and propagated by hostile foreign actors, particularly during elections. In some definitions, fake news includes satirical articles misinterpreted as genuine, and articles that employ sensationalist or clickbait headlines that are not supported in the text. Because of this diversity of types of false news, researchers are beginning to favour information disorder as a more neutral and informative term.
The prevalence of fake news has increased with the recent rise of social media, especially the Facebook News Feed, and this misinformation is gradually seeping into the mainstream media. Several factors have been implicated in the spread of fake news, such as political polarization, post-truth politics, motivated reasoning, confirmation bias, and social media algorithms.
Fake news can reduce the impact of real news by competing with it. For example, a BuzzFeed analysis found that the top fake news stories about the 2016 U.S. presidential election received more engagement on Facebook than top stories from major media outlets. It also particularly has the potential to undermine trust in serious media coverage. The term has at times been used to cast doubt upon credible news, and former U.S. president Donald Trump has been credited with popularizing the term by using it to describe any negative press coverage of himself. It has been increasingly criticized, due in part to Trump’s misuse, with the British government deciding to avoid the term, as it is “poorly-defined” and “conflates a variety of false information, from genuine error through to foreign interference”.
Multiple strategies for fighting fake news are currently being actively researched, for various types of fake news. Politicians in certain autocratic and democratic countries have demanded effective self-regulation and legally-enforced regulation in varying forms, of social media and web search engines.
On an individual scale, the ability to actively confront false narratives, as well as taking care when sharing information can reduce the prevalence of falsified information, however, it has been noted that this is vulnerable to the effects of confirmation bias, motivated reasoning and other cognitive biases that can seriously distort reasoning, particularly in dysfunctional and polarised societies. Inoculation theory has been proposed as a method to render individuals resistant to undesirable narratives.
Donald Trump’s misuse of term
The term “fake news” has at times been used to cast doubt upon credible news, and former U.S. president Donald Trump has been credited with popularizing and misusing the term to refer to any negative press coverage of himself he dislikes, regardless of veracity. Trump has claimed that the mainstream American media regularly reports “fake news” or “hoax news”, despite the fact that he generated considerable false and inaccurate or misleading statements himself. According to The Washington Post’s Fact Checker’s database, Trump made 30,573 false or misleading claims during his four years in office, though this total is inflated as many of his major false claims were repeated hundreds of times each. A searchable online database is available for each documented false claim, and a datafile is available for download for use in academic studies of misinformation and lying. An analysis of the first 16,000 false claims is available as a book.
Trump has often attacked mainstream news reporting publications, deeming them “fake news” and the “enemy of the people”. Every few days, Trump would issue a threat against the press due to his claims of “fake news”. There have been many instances in which norms that protect press freedom have been pushed or even upended during the Trump-era.
According to Jeff Hemsley, a Syracuse University professor who studies social media, Trump uses this term for any news that is not favorable to him or which he simply dislikes. Trump provided a widely cited example of this interpretation in a tweet on May 9, 2018:
Donald J. Trump
The Fake News is working overtime. Just reported that, despite the tremendous success we are having with the economy & all things else, 91% of the Network News about me is negative (Fake). Why do we work so hard in working with the media when it is corrupt? Take away credentials?
May 9, 2018
Chris Cillizza described the tweet on CNN as an “accidental” revelation about Trump’s “‘fake news’ attacks”, and wrote: “The point can be summed up in these two words from Trump: ‘negative (Fake).’ To Trump, those words mean the same thing. Negative news coverage is fake news. Fake news is negative news coverage.” Other writers made similar comments about the tweet. Dara Lind wrote in Vox: “It’s nice of Trump to admit, explicitly, what many skeptics have suspected all along: When he complains about ‘fake news,’ he doesn’t actually mean ‘news that is untrue’; he means news that is personally inconvenient to Donald Trump.” Jonathan Chait wrote in New York magazine: “Trump admits he calls all negative news ‘fake’.”: “In a tweet this morning, Trump casually opened a window into the source code for his method of identifying liberal media bias. Anything that’s negative is, by definition, fake.” Philip Bump wrote in The Washington Post: “The important thing in that tweet … is that he makes explicit his view of what constitutes fake news. It’s negative news. Negative. (Fake.)” In an interview with Lesley Stahl, before the cameras were turned on, Trump explained why he attacks the press: “You know why I do it? I do it to discredit you all and demean you all so that when you write negative stories about me no one will believe you.”
Author and literary critic Michiko Kakutani has described developments in the right-wing media and websites:
“Fox News and the planetary system of right-wing news sites that would orbit it and, later, Breitbart, were particularly adept at weaponizing such arguments and exploiting the increasingly partisan fervor animating the Republican base: They accused the media establishment of “liberal bias”, and substituted their own right-wing views as “fair and balanced”—a redefinition of terms that was a harbinger of Trump’s hijacking of “fake news” to refer not to alt-right conspiracy theories and Russian troll posts, but to real news that he perceived as inconvenient or a threat to himself.”
In September 2018, National Public Radio noted that Trump has expanded his use of the terms “fake” and “phony” to “an increasingly wide variety of things he doesn’t like”: “The range of things Trump is declaring fake is growing too. Last month he tweeted about “fake books,” “the fake dossier,” “fake CNN,” and he added a new claim—that Google search results are “RIGGED” to mostly show only negative stories about him.” They graphed his expanding use in columns labeled: “Fake news”, “Fake (other) and “Phony”.
V For Vendetta (2006): Pathogen Path To Power
Operation Mockingbird is an alleged large-scale program of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that began in the early years of the Cold War and attempted to manipulate news media for propaganda purposes. According to author Deborah Davis, Operation Mockingbird recruited leading American journalists into a propaganda network and influenced the operations of front groups. CIA support of front groups was exposed when an April 1967 Ramparts article reported that the National Student Association received funding from the CIA. In 1975, Church Committee Congressional investigations revealed Agency connections with journalists and civic groups.
In 1973, a document referred to as the “Family Jewels” was published by the CIA containing a reference to “Project Mockingbird”, which was the name of an operation in 1963 wiretapping two journalists believed to be disseminating classified information. The document does not contain references to “Operation Mockingbird”.
QAnon supporters have used the term “Operation Mockingbird” when referring to American media that spread what the supporters consider “fake news”.
NTI 2021 MONKEYPOX TABLETOP EXERCISE SCENARIO
Monkeypox Pandemic Scenario (2022-2023)
MONKEYPOX VIRUS (2022 OUTBREAK)
WHO DO YOU TRUST?
A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.
The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–5. More than 6 million European Jews, as well as members of other persecuted groups, were murdered at concentration camps such as Auschwitz.